Economic and Social Council 1st Commission (Sustainable Development)


Anna Schumann

Cite as

Economic and Social Council 1st Commission (Sustainable Development)


QUESTION OF: “Promoting women’s economic empowerment”

Mexico is the second most populated country in Latin America, with over 122 million inhabitants: 52.2% are women and almost 79% live in urban areas. The Indigenous population in the country is around 16 million, belonging to 68 different ethnic and linguistic groups. GDP is close to USD 1,261 trillion, the Mexican economy is the second largest one in the region and the 14th globally. Nevertheless Mexico is a clear example of the paradox of middle income countries: it has a high Human Development Index, 71, but more than 53 million people (45.5%) live in poverty and a high percentage of the country’s income comes from the informal sector. At the same time Mexico faces social, economic and land ownership disparities, as well as persistent social disadvantages and high indices of discrimination, that are the cause and consequence of continuous marginalization in wide sectors of the population, mainly women, girls, indigenous population and migrants.

There are a lot of factors that slow the growth of women’s economic empowerment, such as institutional and regulatory issues, household management responsibilities that are forced on women because of cultural beliefs, low rates of business educations and work experiences and the very present gender rights inequality.

Even though there is still a lot of work to be done, Mexico has already advanced some in the insertion of women in the economy. Initiatives like the National Development Plan (2013-2018), that includes the National Programme for Equal Opportunities and Non-Discrimination against Women, and the National Gender Equality Policy (201...