World Humanitarian Summit


Cite as


Country: Canada

Committee: World Humanitarian Summit

Topic area: Reforming Humanitarian Aid

As the world’s condition continues to develop and change, the boundaries of humanitarian aid are difficult to define. Based on the changing trends, there are different scopes and opinions expressed by scholars and practitioners. Humanitarian aid is best defined as material or logistical assistance provided for humanitarian purposes, typically in response to humanitarian crises and disasters caused naturally and by man. The main aim of providing humanitarian aid is to save lives, alleviate suffering and maintain human dignity. The world humanitarian summit created an Agenda for Humanity, which serves to help the world’s most vulnerable people. The Agenda consists of five core responsibilities, which are: Global Leadership to Prevent and End Conflicts, Upholds the Norm that Safeguard Humanity, Leave No One Behind, Change People’s Lives- from Delivering Aid to Ending Need and Invest in Humanity. However, humanitarian aid covers a wide variety of problems, which may sometimes be inevitable. As such, humanitarian aid seeks to prepare communities and countries, especially those that are most vulnerable, for such crises and disasters.

A. Reforming humanitarian aid in times of crises


Humanitarian crises are catastrophic situations in which societies break down, as they are unable to cope with the stresses upon them. These crises include, but are not limited to, war, seasonal flooding and drought. The people who are most vulnerable to such crises are those living in poverty-stricken areas and war zones. In the past years, conflict within societies has intensified and has substantially weakened the society to a state of fragility. Nearly 1.4 billion people are living in fragile situations, with the number expected to rise to 1.9 billion by 2030. The main causes of humanitarian crises are conflict and fragility.

Past Actions

Canada has had an active role in providing humanitarian aid. Canada is the ninth most generous country in foreign aid, giving over 4 billion dollars of ODS in 2015. Canada has five main funds for humanitarian assistance: Humanitarian Projects, Central Emergency Response Fund, Emergency Disaster Assistance Fund, Canadian Foodgrains Bank Food Assistance Fund and the Canadian Humanitarian Assistance Fund. The Canadian ...