Human Rights Council (HRC)


Daniela Bernal
United States

Cite as

Topic A: Ending violence against women

When it comes to human rights, Cuba is rapidly and unfairly questioned and criticized by other member states and international organizations. The remarks have become so systematic that they tend to overlook the significant advances that the country has made ever since the Cuba Revolution, which ended in 1959. Cuba has advances considerably in terms of gender equality making therefore gender violence almost obsolete. As of the late 90’s women were already present in all aspects of Cuban life, they represented 58% of university graduates, 65.5% of technical and professional positions, 30.5% of management positions, 27% of parliament, and an amazing 70% of the judicial branch with 60% of them being judges. Furthermore, women are regarded as equal in the eyes of the law. The Constitution gives women equal political, economical, political, cultural, social, and familial rights to that of men and prohibits discrimination on the base of sex, among other factors. The family code laws also grants equal rights to women and men in marriage, divorce, and parental rights. On the other hand, other laws also address sexual equality. Due to these vast laws on equality, violence becomes scarce because women will simply not tolerate it. They are financially independent and know their rights therefore, they take action and don’t tolerate violence hence, the high divorce rates in the country. In other words if the women are not happy, they can opt out.

Cuba therefore believes that violence against women is not a significant problem in the country because the de-facto socialist system implemented in the country leaves no room for such violence. In contrast to capitalistic cutthroat competition that instigates a violent culture, socialism strives for general equality and therefore, violence becomes an unnecessary and...