Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL)
United Kingdom


Parth Gujar

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Topic A The issue of increasing scarcity of and demand for potable water for human use is likely to generate transboundary water conflicts. This is due to increasing populations, mismanagement or pollution. Waterways can become potential flashpoints when governments seek to exploit them without the consent of other downstream countries through which the waterway also passes. “The Middle East, North Africa and South Asia are all projected to experience water shortages over the coming years because of decades of bad management and overuse.” Water shortages will not create conflict, but the socio-economic and political impact will be keenly felt on countries and hence will lead to conflict. Furthermore, it can be deduced that states may attempt to gain unfair advantages over others by threatening a lack of access to other downstream countries dependent upon shared waterways. Waterways are a potent armament that can enable one country to blackmail another. The issue of China building dams on the Mekong River is one example of how tensions may arrive, if a certain country in an advantageous position considers only its interests. The main obstacle preventing a harmonious approach towards utilising waterways with mutual consideration is the fact that many countries have not sought to work with each other. The Indo – Bangla Water Treaty of 1996 is ...