Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL)
Russian Federation


Park Jiwon
Korea, Republic of

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Special Political & Decolonisation Committee

Russian Federation

Topic A: Preventing water conflicts

The Russian Federation holds a huge pool of water supply within its borders, albeit poorly accounted, managed and distributed, and faces little problems surrounding the issue of water conflicts. It has hence remained a spectator in the ongoing conflicts for the past decades, until the involvement of major political rivals such as United States and European Union in the recent years in water conflicts such as that in the Central Asia near the Aral basin (involving Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Kazakstan, Turkmenistan). These political rivals have been offering mediatory help or investment in hopes of diplomatic ties and economic returns, and made The Russian Federation’s involvement inevitable. Russia’s interest lie in the potential gains from Hydroelectric Power Plants by the “upstream” nations (Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan), which hold control over 80% of water resources in the region. As upstream nations, particularly Tajikistan, depend partially on Uzbekistan for energy and the “downstream” nations (Uzbekistan, Kazakstan, Turkmenistan) have been charging increasingly higher prices for energy-related resources in comp...