World Health Organization (WHO)


Cite as

  • Committee : World Health Organization

  • Country : Estonia

  • Agenda : Surrogate Birth

Reproductive right, as stated in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights[1] is one of the fundamental law of human being. Advancement of reproductive technology had risen some novel method that we don’t know a century ago. In-vitro fertilization (IVT) and Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) ,that involves surrogacy practices had become more common raising alternative to help infertile couples, and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender(LGBT) couples achieve their dreams , having childs,

Surrogacy practices sure had helped human kind achieve one of it’s ultimate goals, but the lack of international standardized procedure, the rising problems about legal matters of surrogate baby, and comerzialised surrogacy had made Estonian ban all practices of surrogacy in 2002 to protect its citizen regarding the potential problem that may be rose. Legislation of Estonia stipulates punishment for both the woman who is acting as a surrogate mother as well as the physician who performs in-vitro fertilization (IVF).[2].

Regardless, Estonian legislate effort to tackle this issue by issuing a national law, there comes problems from the International surrogacy practices, because in some countries surrogate practices are legal and regulated by it’s country law. Baby that born from surrogate mother rising ethical law, along with legal law about the nationality of...