Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee (SOCHUM)


Cite as

Country: Kingdom of Cambodia

Committee: Social, Cultural & Humanitarian Committee

A. Topic: A Magna Carta for the Internet

Internet development has lead to issues affecting not only individuals’ human rights on freedom of speech and privacy, but also the security of countries. Controversies on how to control the internet still exists as the added Section 32 of Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on freedom of opinion and expression on the internet, faced opposition from many countries. Cambodia with an increasing number of internet users is facing threats of cybercrime. For example, Anonymous Cambodia – the local arm of the international collective hacker organisation – had hacked 30 government websites in 2014. Additionally, there are many cases of online false information leading to defamation of Cambodian government which damages the integrity and reputation of the government.

Cambodia agrees that countries should ensure the human rights of the internet users while protect the nations from cybercrime. However, different countries have different methods of controlling the internet. Hence, a magna carta for a single framework should only be a general guidelines which should not interfere with the participating countries’ interests and ideology. The idea of net neutrality will not be beneficial for a developing country like Cambodia due to potential economic efficiency. In fact, “Free Basics,” part of Facebook’s is launched in Cambodia. The service is considered to be a net bias, but it is advantageous to low-income citizens wanting to have access to common websites. Additionally, Cambodia supports internet freedom to a certain extent. Balkanisation is not a direction that the government wants to follow as the government does not wish to restrict or block any websites. However, government will choose to block websites that affect ...