Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL)


Gregory Chan

Cite as

Water Security

While the earth has 70% of its surface covered in water, Bangladesh finds it ironic that the world is facing an acute water crisis. Among the 70% of water, however, 97.5% of water is ocean, which is non consumable, whereas the remaining 1.725% lies in glaciers, snow and permafrost, and 0.075% being ground water, with 0..025% being found in lakes, swamps and rivers. Water Security, while non-traditional, is one of the most crucial, with water being essential for human life. Similarly, water security is essential for human access for health, wellbeing, as well as economic and political stability.

Bangladesh views it essential to limit risks of water related hazards, especially pollution. Within the Bay of Bengal, an approximate 2.4 billion tons of sediments enters the bay from the Himalayas is carried. This causes a net decrease of about 35 square kilometers of the Bay, resulting in less water in the Bay which Bangladesh benefits from. Similarly, Bangladesh faces issues regarding contaminated ground and surface waters, especially with ground water supplying 80% of water that people uses.

The country envisions some solutions that can be implemented to address the issue of water scarcity around the world.

The first, Bangladesh hopes for increased institutional development within the international community to better cope with the relevant environmental threats of ensuring water security. Through this, Bangladesh believes that the international community can mitigate the effects of the uncontrollable elements in the word, and even potentially take control of the crisis into our own hands. This is especially true during the dry season, where in Bangladesh, the flow from Ganges and Brahma...