United Nations Security Council (UNSC)


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Topic: Situation In Libya Country: Egypt Committee: United Nations Security Council

Few years after the passing of Libya’s dictator, Muammar Gaddafi, Libya continues to be trapped in a state of chaos facing problems such as deteriorating security, disagreements between different factions in the government and opposition groups which resulted in the ongoing civil war. This resulted in internally displaced people (IDP) as well as the number of Libyans who are seeking refuge in other countries such as Egypt. According to Libya’s IDP Figure analysis as of July 2015, there were around 434,000 IDPs in early 2015 alone which is roughly double the number of IDPs in September 2014. This shows that the numbers are rising rapidly and the issue of the influx of IDPs must be resolved quickly as it has a great impact on its neighbour, Egypt. Egypt is battling over problems of population growth and the resultant increase in poverty rates from 25.2% (2010/11) to 26.3% (2012/13). The influx of refugees will make the situation worse. Egypt may not have enough resources to provide basic necessities such as food and water to their people. Thus, Egypt supports achieving a political settlement in Libya as it is the first step to improving the conditions in Libya and Egypt.

The situation in Libya is becoming worse because of power struggle and terrorism, in particular, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and Egypt sees this as a threat to its security. There are also militias such as Libya Dawn and Libya Shield which are the ones mostly in control of. However, the government is not prepared to face the militias. There are three governments fighting for control over Libya ...