Czech Republic


Kfir Harel

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Topic 1- Militarization of the Arctic by Russia

Since the beginning of the 21st century, global interest towards the Arctic region has increased significantly. At the same time, its geostrategic importance has also grown. The Arctic region is currently undergoing dynamic development, facing climate changes, which brings a whole new set of research and economic opportunities, as well as risks of territorial and military conflicts.

It is estimated that the areas north of the Arctic Circle hold roughly 90 billion oil barrels, 47 trillion cubic meters of natural gas, and 44 billion barrels of natural gas liquids. Moreover, in the coming decades climate change will render the Arctic passages and resources more accessible. Thus, given the abundance of resources and critical trade routes, it is not surprising that it's becoming a flashpoint, especially in the case of the Russian Federation, due to the fact that the Russian legal claims over parts of the the northern hemisphere are unprecedented, and their ambition to dominate the Arctic is in accordance.

The Czech Republic currently has neither vital nor direct political or economic interests in the Arctic, however participation in international cooperation in this region is an important factor which positively affects national security and international pos...