Human Rights Council


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Committee: Human Rights Council; Topic: Measures to minimise female infanticide in Southern and Eastern Asian States; Country: Poland; School: Akademeia High School.

“Our mental illness is responsible for this poor sex ratio. We give a lot of importance to boys. Many women also do this. But for how long will we look at girls as ‘paraya dhan’? [some other’s property] For every 1,000 boys born, 1,000 girls should also be born. I want to ask you if girls are not born, where will you get your daughters-in-law from?” said Narenda Modi, the Prime Minister of India in 2015. Undoubtedly, female infanticide is a direct violation of children rights, it is an act going against every principle of humanity. Intentional killing of newborn girls has been a major cause of concern for Eastern and Southern Asian states and it still makes the international arena appalled. As statistics show, it is constantly growing on a larger scale. In the 1980s, the invention of innovative technology i.e. ultrasonography allowed couples to determine the sex before the birth of the child and, therefore, replaced intentional killing of infants girls with sex selective abortion of female foetuses. All these phenomena are most common in patriarchal societies in which the preference for sons is built into the cultural ideology and the status of women is low. Boys are believed to be an “insurance” for families as they work on the fields and, in a way, secure family’s economic future. According to that, female is concerned as a burden on the family. What is more, in India and southern Asia operates a system in which bride’s family has to offer significant amount of money to husband’s family with which she will live after marriage. Apart from the institution of dowry, poverty, famine, deformed infants and lack of supported services are one of the major causes of female infanticide in India. Their government didn’t ignore that and tried to improve the situation by, among others, introducing the ‘Girl Child Protection Scheme’ in 1991 which focused on financing girl’s marriage and education. Moreover, a year later, in 1992, the ‘baby cradle scheme’ came into existence and it allowed giving child up for adoption without having to go through the formal procedure. Although the intentions were right, the results far went out of control. The statistics of adoption drastically increased without the significant diminishing of infanticide. The same situation faced Chinese government which introduced a One Child per Family Policy and...