UN Office on Drugs and Crime
Russian Federation


Maria Ruhan

Cite as

Topic: Addressing the issue of increased demand for and trafficking of illicit substances over the US-Mexican border Country: Russian Federation Committee: UNODC

The Mexico-U.S. relations have been turbulent since Mexico’s declaration of Independence in 1810 due to: territorial disputes, political upheavals in Mexico and economic opportunity across the border. These contributed to the rise of migration to the United States after the Mexican Revolution. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) paved the way to a closer U.S.-Mexico relationship on security, trade, and counternarcotics.

According to available data Mexico dominates in the drug trafficking branch of the parallel market, controlling 90% of cocaine trafficking to USA. Furthermore, Mexico is the top foreign cultivator of marijuana; where cannabis accounts for 50-60% of total profits of Mexican cartels. Mexico actively combats drug trafficking organizations and U.S.-Mexico cooperation in this area is substantial. The Merida Initiative is a major component of these efforts helping to strengthen Mexico’s judicial and security institutions. What is more, the United States has also taken great measures to combat the issue spending $3 billion on U.S.-Mexico border annua...