Security Council (expert)


Cite as

Position paper Lyon MUN 2017

Representative of France, UN Security Council

Considering an arms embargo and other measures to prevent a resurgence of violence in South Sudan.

South Sudan proclaimed its independence after in 2011. This stopped a long period of war and fighting (1956-2011) between this overwhelming Christian region and Sudan i.e. overwhelmingly Muslim. The independence was supposed to trigger a new era for this country of nearly 12 million inhabitants. Yet, during Summer 2013, intercommunity conflicts came out. The conflict escalated with tensions within Sudan People’s Liberation Movement. Secession initiatives in several areas, political repression and many exactions and human rights violations occurred. Therefore the UN Security Council was compelled to reinforce the UNMISS forces with 14,000 more blue helmets with the aim to protect civilian populations, and facilitate humanitarian access. Eventually tensions and violence were slowly alleviated through a multilateral mediation work along with regional actors (Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)) ending up with, first, the 2014 Addis Abeba ceasefire deal, and the August 2015 peace agreement. Nevertheless, due to the serious human rights violations, in March 2015, the UN Security Council adopted the 2206 resolution demanding individual sanctions against those who attempt to thwart the peace process, and undermine South Sudan’s securit...