University Security Council


Antonio Sergi

Cite as

Antonio Dominic Sergi Italy, University Security Council WIMUN – UN Headquarters, New York, USA. February 1 – 4, 2017.

Terrorism and Human Rights in a Developing World “Applying R2P to Cyber Security and Accessibility in the Modern Global Information Society”


Part I: Information Society Security and Access;  Section. (i). What are the main elements of the problem at hand?  Section (ii). Why is this issue relevant and important to the international community, and what are the main positions on the issue (e.g. major powers, political blocs, and countries key to the issue or conflict)?  Section (iii). What actions has the international community undertaken thus far on the issue (UN resolutions, treaties, conventions, working groups, etc.)?

Part II: Italian Perspective: Domestic and Global Action (Country Position)  Section (i). What actions has your country undertaken on this issue, both nationally and through the United Nations? o Ss.1 – International o Ss.2 - Domestic

Part III: Global Goals, Initiatives and Solutions  Section (i). What solutions will your country be proposing to this issue in committee? What will it be recommending in committee, and how will it be defending these solutions  Section (ii). Which key arguments could be made both for and against your solutions? o ss.1 - For: R2P Applying to online equally as in Nation- States o ss.2 - Against: At What Cost?  Section (iii). Which member states will be aligned with your arguments and solutions, and which will not? o ss. 1. Against on Security Council o ss. 2. For on Security, Council  Section (iv). For those that do not align, how will you respond to their counterarguments, and what middle ground will you pursue in order to find consensus? (Conclusion)

Part I: Background of the Information Society Security and Access;

Section. (i). What are the main elements of the problem at hand?

Consider the incredibly fast rate of innovation in technology development has been, and continues to be. Since the invention of the printing press, public thirst for information accessibility (its impacts on society) has grown exponentially. The inventions of the home telephone, radio and television each created a medium which revolutionized the way societies consumed wide ranging information from updates in their communities, national news, world events and global ideologies. In its era, television’s relative low costs and incredible marketing made the product a staple for every home desiring to staying current on daily news and, affairs.
This was especially prevalent in America, where these modes of communication were capitalized on for commercial and entertainment purposes at astonishing rates. In fact, President Harry Truman’s inauguration in 1949 was the first televised, and President John F. Kennedy’s had been the first televised in colour in 1961. This is a trend that planted seeds for our current state of consumer society, where Americans express affinity for not only technology, but for entertainment and media culture as well. In the late 1990’s the Internet became more accessible, affordable, and available in the homes of people around the world; this created a demand for new technology – and the market responded. The digital innovation the upper echelons of society, the middle class, and eventually even low income homes. From that time until now, we have seen the innovation from dial up to wireless internet, the expansion of laptop computers and early mobile phones, and the revolution of what has transformed into the modern Information Society. The Information Society is interpreted to mean a society of multiple generations, each with an increase in dependence of technology and access to information in their daily lives. The role and influence of each nation state in the Information society is defined by how its population accesses and consumes information. This is characterized by a market dominated by corporations who create technology based products which have had an unprecedented impact on hundreds of sectors including: the creation of new jobs, the innovation of new services, the advancement in existing industries, and the creation of so many new ones. However, as with everything good, there are serious risks and challenges that have come with the onset of the Information Society including access for purposes of growth and mass cyber crimes. Cyber crime can include hacking such as theft of information, digital products and programs, personal information, complete identities, finances, and confidential government information. Cyber crime can also reference the internet as the platform for the facilitation of mass global crimes, some humanitarian in nature, such as human trafficking, some terrorism driven. In terms of terrorism, the spread of radicalization content, communications among terror cells, government institutional hacking or interference, and spread of misleading, sometimes radicalization focused, information and content aimed to create a narrative around ideologies of hate and revenge against Western and global powers. Considering the threat to the post 9/11 world order, the best efforts to promote cyber security and the preservation of human rights on the internet on a global level, has been seemingly ineffective and need further development and collaboration. This is attributed the great lack of trust within the global community, preventing them from collaborating to work together to battle this crisis; this is due to a lack of faith and trust in the institutions entrusted with this mandate.
It has become evident that the internet is being used as a tool to coordinate global crime at rates never seen before. The information society’s skeptical outlook on the security of online resources is affecting globally coordinated efforts to make the internet more secure, especially via organizations such as the ITU and IMPACT which will both be examined in the following section. Per the United Nations “there are six clusters of conflicts and threats the world faces in the 21st century: a. Economic and social threats, including poverty, infectious disease and environmental degradation b. Inter-State conflict c. Internal conflict, including civil war, genocide and other large-scale atrocities d. Nuclear, radiological, chemical and biological weapons e. Terrorism f. Transnational organized crime”

Additionally, “over the past 60 years the United Nations has successfully reduced or mitigated these threats to international security while also experiencing major shortcomings. The United Nations gives hope that as the world keeps changing it adapts to the change and confronts the new challenges of the twenty-first century” . Considering these policies as the mandate of the UN, it will be suggested and discussed herein that there is only way to mobilize the global community to act in unison to combat the issues surrounding cyber accessibility and crime. It is to recognize, much as Italy has, that human rights must apply everywhere, from physical spaces in nation states, to the online world.

Moreover, it will be expressed that the United Nations, empowered by the Security Council’s interpretation of the UN Charter, has a Responsibility to Protect global citizens against the crimes being committed online. This is as this crisis touches on all the criteria which would normally enact what is known as R2P; ethnic cleansing, crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide.

Section (ii). Why is this issue relevant and important to the international community, and what are the main positions on the issue (e.g. major powers, political blocs, and countries key to the issue or conflict)?

In the international context, the main challenge that has been the focus of interest for global community have centred around access in the developing world and establishing a correlation between information access via a minimally censored internet and; political mobilization, human rights promotion, increase in education and literacy, and societal growth. In fact, universal accessibility is mentioned in the UN Developing World Sustainable Goals 2030 document. Sustainable Development 2030, Goal 9 encourages member states to build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.

The document includes section which call for member states to; “Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities” The resolution also calls for signees to “Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020.”

More corruption and government mismanagement is exposed and discussed globally than ever before. Public discourse has a space to form public opinion with global input, people are trust...