Human Rights Council


Diane Aïda

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Committee: Human Rights Topic: Ending slavery and child labour in the chocolate trade Country: Belize Delegate: Diane Mohamed-Petit Date: April 16th, 2017

Human Rights Committee: Ending slavery and child labour in the chocolate trade

Introduction Slavery and child labour is strongly present in the Latin-American continent, however, it is important to consider that Belize is not known to experience any kind of slavery nor child labour in the chocolate trade specifically. Yet, Belize experiences forms of child and forced labour in other sectors, such as in the Banana, Citrus Fruit and Sugar cane industries. Moreover, it can be observed that Belize has shown some improvement and motivation towards the tackling of such issues, notably through the creation of organisations such as the Belize Sugar Cane Farmers Association-BSCFA. Nonetheless, the 2015 United States Department of Labour report displays to what extent the expected improvement has only been minimal for the time being. To illustrate this, it can be noticed for example that the kind of work allowed for the minimum working age, being of 14 years old, has not yet been determined.

Past Resolutions and UN Actions The creation of the International Labour Organisation-ILO, founded in 1919 has played a major role in combatting child labour in the world. However, it has shown itself effective only to a certain extent as many areas in the world exploit children illegally and it is not always covered and known by the media. The latter, increases the difficulty to tackle this issue at stake on a global scale. Somehow, it is important to keep in mind what has still been done and the several achievement led by the ILO as well as the other UN parties. In fact, the ILO worked on different perspectives of the issue, notably addressing the minimum working age, the workin...