Human Rights Council


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Committee: Human Rights Council Topic: Ending slavery and child labour in the chocolate trade Country: Canada School: Akademeia High School

Recent statistics show that over 40 million people depend on cocoa for their livelihood, 70% of cocoa comes from West Africa, there are over 5 million cocoa farmers world wide. Moreover, current global market value of annual crop is 5.1 billion dollars. It is estimated 1.8 million children are at risk for falling under the Worst forms of Child Labour conditions set by the UN (ILO 182). Nowadays, there are over 27 million slaves in the world today, over 9 million of them are children. They are being trafficked in everyday to work on cocoa farms as slaves, the average cost for a child is $250. These all aspects lead to conclusions that the problem is appalling and that Human Rights Council should take charge of solving this problem.

Guided by the principles enshrined in the ILO's Minimum Age Convention No. 138 and the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention No. 182, the ILO InFocus Programme on Child Labour (IPEC) works to achieve the effective abolition of child labour. From 1919 onwards the principle that minimum age standards should be linked to schooling has been part of the ILO’s tradition in standard setting in this area. Convention No. 138 provides that the minimum age for admission to employment shall not be less than the age o...