Human Rights Council


Diah Zhagarany

Cite as

Position Paper of DamMUN 2017

Forum : Human Rights Councils Issue : Ending slavery and child labor in the chocolate trade and tackling the marginalization and social exclusion of persons with albinism in Brazil. Speaker : Diah Zhagarany Delegates from: Indonesia Country : Brazil Position : Human Rights Councils


Ending slavery and child labor in the chocolate trade Today, as both local and international businesses are crucially getting wilder there are many companies try to get the best way to earn more profit margin by letting any kind of ways happen in business practical. Cutting cost off is one of best solution may become consideration, this activity could be happened through some strategies. Two over some choices are using the slavery and child labor. These activities are also founded in chocolate trade, the reason is by having slave and child labor, and wages expenses are able to cut off. Since slaves have more power and energy to do the hard job descriptions, sometimes the company force them to do work upper the workhours’ standards and without worrying of higher wages payment that need to be done by chocolate trade. Lower wages also used for child labor, because usually children not that really care about how big the number of payment is after they have done their tasks in work field. Thus, it potentially make the chocolate trade sets the payment of wages freely based on their desires. About Labor Rights Since 1995, the Ministry of Labor has documented more than 48,000 cases of workers being subjected to forced labor, degrading working conditions, and other abusive working conditions that under Brazilian law rise to the level of “slave-like” working conditions. From May 2013 to May 2015, 420 companies faced penalties for employing people in “slave-like” conditions. In December 2014, in response to a petition by a trade group, the Supreme Court ordered the federal government to stop publishing the list of companies penalized by the Ministry of Labor for employing workers in abusive conditions. Local NGOs have been able to get around that order by using the Transparency Law to request that the Ministry of Labor release the data.

Tackling the marginalization and social exclusion of persons with albinism in Brazil People with albinism, a rare genetic condition characterized by lack of skin pigmentation, a copper containing enzyme involved in the production of melanin are often the target of discrimination. Sadly, some of them are r...