Human Rights Council


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Committee: Human Rights Council
Country: The Netherlands Topic A : Protecting the rights of the Rohingya in Myanmar 
 The Rohingya live in the Rakhine state, in Myanmar, which is mainly Buddhist. They are a Muslim minority that has been discriminated against by its own government. The government sees them as illegal immigrants and therefore, does not recognise them as citizens. This has caused the violation of some of their basic human rights. They are not allowed to vote, or move freely. They have limited rights on health and education (their state has the lowest literacy rate). They are restricted on how many children they are allowed to get, and need permission to get married. Extremist nationalist movements, Buddhist monks, the army and other citizens have also encouraged intolerance. In 2012, conflict arose between Rohingya and citizens from the Rakhine State because they feared that they would become a minority. The riots were violent and included gang rapes and killings. According to the Economist, the government encouraged citizens to protect their ‘race and religion’ by giving them weapons, food and transport to participate to the riots. 78 people died, 140 000 were displaced. In 2011, a state of emergency was declared, allowing the military to intervene, but the violence didn’t stop. Government authorities destroyed mosques, conducted violent mass arrests, and blocked aid to displaced Muslims. In 2016, the army launched a bloody crackdown against the Rohingya, women were gang raped and babies were killed. (Guardian) Citizens attacked Muslim communities, destroyed villages and killed residents while security forces helped or just stood aside. 28 children were hacked to death, other killed residents were buried in mass graves. At least 140 000 have been displaced internally in c...