High School General Assembly 1


tejaswini singh

Cite as

Positon paper COUNTRY: LIBERIA COMMITTEE: GENERAL ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ONE AGENDA: STRENGTHENING THE UN CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Crime prevention is based upon the premise that crime is often opportunistic and aims to modify contextual factors to limit the opportunities for offenders to engage in criminal behaviour. Situational prevention comprises a range of measures that highlight the importance of targeting very specific forms of crime in certain circumstances. This involves identifying, manipulating and controlling the situational or environmental factors associated with certain types of crime. It is also based upon assumptions regarding the nature of offending and of offenders. Underlying the situational approach are four key elements, including: • three key opportunity theories—routine activity, crime pattern and ration...