University General Assembly 1


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Position Paper Delegate of the French Republic General Assembly I

The rule of law is the principle of governance in which all persons, institutions and entities, public and private, including the State itself, are accountable to laws that are publicly promulgated, equally enforced and independently adjudicated, and which are consistent with international human rights norms and standards. It is outlined as one of the core principles in the UN Charter, which underlines that one of the aims of the UN is “to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained”.

The rule of law and human rights are interlinked and mutually reinforcing and they belong to the universal and indivisible core values and principles of the UN. In order to ensure peaceful and just societies worldwide it is essential that criminal justice institutions constitute a fair and unbiased system that can properly maintain social order. Strengthening and the rule of law and the reform of the criminal justice institutions constitute one of the most challenging and crucial in terms agenda of the General Assembly (GA) in the realm of human rights.

The UNGA has adopted various resolutions in addition to the UNODC’s continuous support to member states in reforming their criminal justice systems. Nevertheless, despite a broad international framework, the need for the criminal justice reform and strengthening the rule of law presents a challenging issue in many parts of the world, mainly post-conflict states and least developed countries.

Recognizing the need for universal adherence to and implementation of the rule of law at both the national and international levels, at the 2005 World Summit, the Member States gave strong political support for the strengthening of the rule of law worl...