High School General Assembly 4
Central African Republic


Erik Novak

Cite as

1. Ever since complex societies have existed, people have fallen victim to involuntary extraction from their normal life and been forced into exploitative scenarios - today, the most common such scenarios are, according to the UN Organization for Drugs and Crime (UNODC), sexual slavery (79%), forced labour (18%), organ removal, forced marriages, and the exploitation of children in begging. Moreover, the U.S. Department of State informs that 80% of those trafficked are female and over half are children, making these two demographic groups the most vulnerable. Also, the April 2006 UNODC report Trafficking in Persons: Global Patterns showed the locations where people were most extracted from as being Russia, China, Eastern Europe, Nigeria and Thailand, whereas the countries with the most recipients were the United States, Turkey, Italy, Germany, Greece and Japan. Countries with a large amount of emigration, like Syria, Libya, Throughout the last 70 years, several pieces of international legislature have been drafted to address this issue globally. The first worldwide push to categorize and diminish the trafficking of people was started in the 4th General Assembly (GA) session in 1949, whereupon the Convention for the Suppression of Trafficking in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of others was passed, deeming trafficking to be sex and gender neutral and establishing that domestic trafficking was unambiguously illegal. Several actions have involved the empowerment of women against these practices, such as the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women in 1979, the appointment of the UN Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women in 1994, and the launching of the Secretary General’s database on violence against women in 2009 via resolution 61/143. Others have dealt with children, like the addition of optional protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 2000, and the creation of the UNICEF Guidelines in 2006. Others have addressed migrants, like the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights for All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families in 1990, which recognized irregular migration as conducive for trafficking, the UN CHR appointing a Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrant in April 1999, and the creation of special programs by the Internationa...