European Parliament
Brando Benifei - S&D (Italy)


Cite as

Topic A: European Border and Coast Guard

1. How should the basic mechanism for risk assessment of Member States exactly look like?

"Establishing a monitoring and risk analysis centre with the capacity to monitor migratory flows towards and within the European Union and to carry out risk analysis which is to be applied by Member States and which covers all aspects relevant to integrated border management, in particular, border control, return, irregular secondary movements of third-country nationals with the European Union, the prevention of cross-border crime including facilitation of irregular immigration, trafficking in human beings and terrorism, as well as the situation at neighbouring third countries with a view to developing a pre-warning mechanism which analyses the migratory flows towards the EU."

On the behalf of Brando Benifei, a mechanism for risk assessment of Member States cannot be absolute, nevertheless, it can reduce the risk and enhance the process of migratory flows. The primary focus in the situation seems to be the well-being of the EU, it should nonetheless not undetermined the well-being of the migrants themselves, that as we know most of are fleeing war. Therefore, in order to establish a working mechanism, it is important to establish a simple and functional basis that will enable Member States to process the migratory flows in the most efficient way without undermining the migrants’ rights. In my opinion therefore the most practical way in which I would see such mechanism function would be: firstly, to enlarge and increase the amount of hotspots where migrants will or will not be granted asylum. The efficiency of these places should in first instance be brought to their maximum. In situations like the one the EU finds itself today, the administrative work should be dealt with as fast as possible in order to keep things moving. Migrants should therefore be kept under surveillance: these hotspots should not be prisons, but campuses where migrants feel welcome and safe despite the stress of not knowing whether they will be granted asylum. In addition to increasing the amount of jobs for the EU this will increase the security of the EU as well the security of the migrants themselves. It is necessary to have the executive of the EU guard borders and coast lines that migrants are trying to reach. The migrants should then be escorted to the hotspots and get the medical care they need as well as being provided with a translator in order to immediately be registered in a database after which they will find out whether they can be granted asylum.

The next step where the asylum of a migrant and his or her family is not granted, they obviously should not be sent back to their destroyed homes, and depending on their situation and their country of origin, cooperation with other states that the EU has established should be used, and third countries in which such family may be accepted should be discussed and established as soon as possible. Once it is established that they have the possibility to be granted asylum, the family should be informed, and should be given the choice either to go to that third country or return to their country of origin. Obviously, the reasons for the denial of their asylum should be given, if not the migrant concerned may file proceedings against the Member State dealing with their asylum application. Logistics should be discussed, but it seems clear that the EU in order to avoid a bigger economic crisis than the one in which it is now, should indeed spend less time on ...