Climate Summit


Tin Tin Kao
Hong Kong

Cite as

Measures towards Safeguarding Marine Ecosystems: the Philippines


The Earth’s oceans serve a variety of functions, including its function as a carbon sink, a source of biodiversity and resources, a means of transport, and a source of livelihood for millions in the world. However, marine ecosystems are in growing danger due to increasing industrialization, pollution, rising sea temperatures, as well as ocean acidification. Today, marine ecosystems are, for the most part, neglected in international agreements with few agreements giving sufficient attention to marine ecosystems. Given humanity’s vast reliance on the oceans, sufficient care and management of marine ecosystems is indispensable.

Past Resolutions and UN Actions

There have been a few UN resolutions and agreements that directly and indirectly concern the safeguarding of marine ecosystems. The UN Framework for Climate Change (1992), Kyoto Protocol (1997) as well as the Paris Agreement (2015) have set goals for reducing carbon emissions, which indirectly contributes to mitigating the effects of pollution, ocean acidification and rising sea temperatures. Moreover, the first World Oceans Day was held on June 8th, 2009, showing the UN’s commitment to ...