Climate Summit


Carmel Edwards
United Kingdom

Cite as

EuroMUN 2017 Climate Summit Position Paper for Peru by Carmel Edwards


The sustainability of marine ecosystems is under threat from the damaging effects of human-made climate change, such as rising sea temperatures, overfishing, flooding, coastal erosion, ocean acidification and pollution with toxins, plastic, microbeads and microfibers that are harmful to marine life. Marine ecosystems must therefore be safeguarded from the effects of climate change and climate change itself must be minimised through methods such as cutting down the dangerously high CO2 atmospheric levels which are a key contributor to climate change and its effects.


Industrial growth has produced increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the world. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, such as CO2, trap energy from the sun. This is then absorbed as heat by the Earth, including the oceans, causing changes in the climate such as rising surface temperatures and global warming. This greenhouse effect is causing rising sea surface temperature, the melting of polar ice caps and glaciers and rising sea levels. Marine ecosystems are sensitive to such changes. Coral reefs, for example, are suffering increasing ‘bleaching’, whereby the coral is severely damaged by elevated sea temperatures.

Climate change is a global phenomenon that will affect every citizen in every country in the world through global warming increasing the occurrence of extreme weather events, sea levels and oceans temperatures, though some counties are more vulnerable to climate change effects than others. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has stated that "Taken as a whole, the range of published evidence indicates that the net damage costs of climate change are likely to be significant and to increase over time."

The major advance by the United Nations (UN) in towards reducing climate change and its effects was the 2016 Paris Climate Change Agreement which has so far been...