Climate Summit


Peter van Rätz

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Topic A: Measures towards Safeguarding Marine Ecosystems

In total 71% of the earth surface is covered by marine ecosystem with its significant natural roles as habitat, CO2 absorbent and O2 producer and as source of human nutrition supply chain. Historically, the direct access to inshore waters and rivers were under all-time perspectives and most political circumstances an important indicator for a sustainable economic growth, prosperity and intercultural diversity for human society in its different stages of development. Within the efforts to the industrialisation in the mid of 19th Century, the burden on marine ecosystems in general began to increase and escalates disproportionately in last 35 years. Currently, international efforts to combat climate change have to challenge decreases in fish stocks due to overfishing, global marine pollution caused by plastic and chemical waste, warming and over-acidification of oceans due to rising CO2-Emissions and its impact by malting of polar ice caps and rising sea levels.

To contain the effects of an irresistible rise of greenhouse gases, which directly affects marine ecosystems, the Kyotto Protocol was a historical millstone to e...