Maxime Godin

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EuroMUN 2017 — Maastricht — April 26-30, 2017

Committee: World Health Organization

Country: Swiss Confederation

Agenda item A: Tackling the global issue of child malnutrition through social reform, food production and distribution of lunch

Children in particular suffer from undernutrition is Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle-East and South Asia [1]. Despite a global decrease in the number of stunted children, numbers are increasing alarmingly in Sub-Saharan Africa (+ 41% between 1990 and 2015). On the other hand, overnutrition and child overweight is rising worldwide (+28% from 1990 to 2015), especially in South Asia and Central Eastern Europe. This global issue of child malnutrition can be analysed in the light of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Conceptual Framework of the Determinants of Nutritional Status: food security, caregivers and health resources are the key sub-issues the Swiss Confederation has identified in order to tackle the issue as a whole. However, institutional and political determinants, cultural backgrounds and natural militate against the efforts of the global community to address child malnutrition.

As a consequence, the United Nations organizations dedicated to the eradication of child malnutrition have serious difficulties in achieving their objectives. The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) Promotion of Sustainable School Feeding which aims to address child malnutrition through the distribution of lunch is highly praiseworthy, as is the World Health Organization (WHO) Comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition [2] which intends to change dietary habits. However, they have reached their limits, as complex and enduring crises are mobilizing most of the financial resources allocated to humanitarian action, jeopardizing the flexibility of humanitarian aid.

The Swiss Confederation has always been strongly involved in humanitarian aid and d...