Iran, Islamic Republic of


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The Islamic Republic of Iran

Member of the World Health Organization

World Health Assembly, EuroMUN 2017

Represented by: Thomas Campbell-James (MUNAM e.V., Munich)

Topic 1| Tackling the global issue of child malnutrition through social reform, food production and distribution of lunch

As a founding member state of the United Nations, the Islamic Republic of Iran always has and continues to take seriously its commitment to Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, stipulating the right to health and well-being, which by definition includes the uninterrupted and secure access to food (1).

In terms of national trends, the Islamic Republic of Iran’s measures to guarantee ample supply of food, fresh water and sanitation infrastructure have led to considerable improvements throughout the past two decades. The results, UNICEF’s latest “State of the World’s Children Report” suggest, are index-rates matching those in the western world. Whilst the mortality rate for under-5-year-olds was cut to just a third of the rate in 1995 (now 16 deaths per 1000 live births), stunting was reduced by 66% to 6.8% and the rate for underweight births was reduced by 76% to just 4% in 2015 (2). These advances – despite the unjust embargo affecting drug imports and treatment opportunities (3) – are the direct consequence of a multi-facetted, sustainable approach the government continues to implement.

However, notwithstanding the aforementioned encouraging figures, the Islamic Republic of Iran must draw attention to unsettling developments increasingly affecting the inhabitants of developing countries throughout the Middle East. Specifically, overnutrition, its origins and medical implications, including CVD and DMII, can no longer be ignored. While other regions grapple with malnutrition in the form of undernutrition, the Middle East faces an epidemic in consequence to widespread urbanization paired with the effects of globalization. As a result of the greater supply and consumption of energy-dense nutrient-poor f...