Cite as

Committee: The office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

Country: Federative Republic of Brazil

Delegate: David Serrate Ruiz

Delegation: UNSA Barcelona

Topic A: Regulation on treatment of refugees attempting to cross borders

In an era with an unprecedented level of human mobility and with the de facto elimination of borders in some parts of the world, crossing borders is one of the most shocking challenges for a significant part of humanity. The issue, however, is not new. Southern European countries have seen countless young Africans attempting to cross their borders in search of a brighter future. Most have either died in their hazardous journey to Europe or have been deported. Furthermore, the attempts to cross borders have become even more critical in the last few years, as many of those who cross borders are refugees, according to the definition of both Article 1.A.2 of the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees of 1951 and Article 1.2 of the OAU Convention of 1969. This is why an international regulation on how refugees must be treated –based on the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants- is of paramount importance. The Declaration offers in its 7th, 24th and 33rd section a precise overview on this particular matter, as well as a general commitment to improve the current situation.

Sadly enough, refugees are treated deplorably. There is one particular example depicting the lack of humanity towards people who try to escape from death and horror. It is the dreadful situation at the Serbian-Hungarian border, which has been repeatedly denounced by the UNHCR. In addition to the miserable living conditions of the roughly 6,500 people stranded in the border, Hungary has taken decisions that are, according to the UNHCR and to Resolution 2108 of the Council of Europe, not only against the European Convention on Human Righ...