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Committee: UNHCR Topic: regulation on treatment of refugees attempting to cross borders Country: Republic of Kenya

There are currently 21,3 million refugees worldwide, and over half of them are under 18. That is to say 21,3 million people have been displaced to a country other than theirs, fleeing the dramatic local situation and unable to return home safely.  About 34000 people are displaced every day, nearly 10 000 of them in Africa alone.

Moreover, since African refugees flee political conflicts, wars, droughts or starvation, they can not be settled back in their countries according to the right of non-refoulement declared in 1951, so that Sub-Saharan Africa hosts more than 26% of the world’s refugees.

The Republic of Kenya hosts two refugee camps, especially the Dadaab camp,  located nearby the Somalian border under the authority of the UNHCR. The Dadaab camp is known as the largest refugee camp in the world; it is a shelter for 300 000 Somalis. Of course this figure is an approximation, since a lot of refugees did not register when they entered the camp, fleeing the disasters which have been hitting Somalia since 1991.

In 2013, Kenya, Somalia and the UNHCR signed a tripartite agreement in which all parties committed themselves to the principle of voluntary return, that is to say...