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TOPIC A: REGULATION ON TREATMENT OF REFUGEES ATTEMPTING TO CROSS BORDERS After the independence, in compliance with international recommendations, the Republic of the Sudan started hosting people looking for asylum. The National Law on Asylum, introduced in 1974 in accordance with principles of international law, encourages voluntary repatriations while providing for the self-maintenance of refugees in the Republic of the Sudan in the absence of conditions suitable for return in their country of origin. The Republic of the Sudan, therefore, is a country that emits and receives refugees.

The Republic of the Sudan is extremely concerned about the refugee crisis. We have signed every regional and international agreements that provides protection and financial aid to refugees and set special national bodies that cater for refugees, such as the National Council for Refugees. Moreover, the current adopted open-door policy of the Republic of the Sudan concerning refugees is founded on internationally recognised principles: 1. Giving the right to refuge is a humanitarian act and does not target a person or a country. 2. Encouraging the voluntary return of refugees to their countries of origin as their optimal choice with the consent and approval of the refugee himself as well as his country. 3. When all trails fail in reaching suitable solutions, those refugees can reside far from the common international borders between the host and home countries to guarantee the safety of both the country and the refugee.

Although our policy tries to tackle this situation in the more safe and humanitarian way, there is still a lot to do in this field. First of all, we should take a look to the regulation for registering refugees. We should take into account that registration goes far beyond mere head count. According to our committee it is recording, verifying, and updating of information on people forced to flee so they can be protected. The hosting countries’ governments own the responsibility to register the refugees but, in case of need, the UNHCR would provide the aid necessary. Registration is really important because it provides the refugee a record of their refugee status so they are more protected against refoulement, arbitrary arrest and detention. Registering children helps prevent military recruitment and keeps families together. Since 2004, the process has been facilitated by ...