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Topic A : Prevention of non-state actors with chemical and biological weapons.

    An attack using chemical or biological weapons by non-state actors is a rare occurrence. However, if carried successfully, the result of the attack can be devastating. Such attack may not cause the same amount of casualties as attacks using conventional weapons. The fear instilled in the society on the other hand, becomes the motivation for non-state actors to acquire and utilize biological and chemical weapons. The 2001 Anthrax attacks in the United States of America, for example, resulted in only 5 deaths and 17 non-fatal injuries; a small amount compared to the average results of attacks using conventional weapons such as guns and explosives. Yet, in the period around the attacks, an estimated 200,000 people made inquiry calls about anthrax to health departments across the nation[1].

    Finland is a strong proponent of non-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), including chemical and biological weapons. We have joined all of the central arms control agreements, including The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC). Our infamous Finnish Institute for Verification of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Verifin) is currently at the frontline in dismantling Syrian chemical weapons programme. Verifin is a concrete contribution by Finland to chemical weapons disarmament. Verifin’s activities include research and t...