Toby Rufeo

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Topic A – Prevention of non state actors with chemical and biological weapons

On August 2013, the international community watched in horror as a deadly chemical attack is launched in Syria, indiscriminately killing soldiers and innocent civilians. On April 6 2017, a deadly chemical bomb attack on the rebel-held part of Northern Syria had left at least 86 people killed, including 28 children. These attacks should serve to strengthen the resolve of the international community on our mission to eradicate these weapons and preventing them from falling to the wrong hands.

Proliferation of chemical and biological weapons by some states and also easy access to such weapons by terrorists, extremists, or organised crime groups remains a tangible threat in the 21st century. The geographical proximity of Turkey to areas with high risks of proliferation of such weapons remains to be a matter of serious concern for Turkey. Turkey actively monitors the development of chemical and biological weapons in these areas and collaborates with other states to devise measures to prevent any harm from being inflicted to innocent civilians. The Government of Turkey sincerely desires that all states in the United Nations will share the common goal of non-proliferation and preventing further casualties from chemical and biological weapons.

The government of Turkey supports all international efforts to prevent the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction including biological and chemical weapons. The government of Turkey has shown its resolve in combating chemical and biological weapons by being a member of both the Chemical Weapons Convention since 1997 and also the Biological Weapons Convention since 1974. Turkey is also a founding member of the Wassenaar Arrangement which regulates export controls of conventional weapons.

The government of Turkey would like to emphasise the importance of arms controls and non-proliferation treaties and also to establish export control networks as a method to prevent the further proliferation of...