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Topic A: The Portuguese Republic has always been in favour of banning chemical and biological weapons. As such, Portugal represents a ratified member of both the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC). Besides offering support to the legal frontline in the battle on disarmament, we also back specific frameworks, that aim to rid the world of chemical and biological weapons, as set up by the United Nations. We are in full compliance with our duties on United Nations Security Resolution 1540 and are always ready to aid any country that has been affected by the use of chemical weapons and those countries that need assistance in disarming their arsenal.

The recent resolution 2325 of December 2016 by the United Nations Security Council reaffirms the commitment of Security resolution 1540, stating that we should develop a safe and secure international framework to prevent chemical weapons and weapons of mass destruction from getting into the hands of terrorists, which, in the face rapid technological advances and increasingly ambitious malefactors, is becoming an ever more challenging task.

The increasing number of terrorist attacks, not only in Europe but also in the Middle-East and Russia, make the prevention of the spread of chemical and biological weapons a top priority in the battle against terrorism. The recent attack ...