Jonathan Kaleb

Cite as

Japan | Disarmament and International Security

Topic 1 : “Prevention of non-state actors with chemical and biological weapons”

In August 2013, the nerve agent sarin was used on a relatively large scare in the outskirts of Damascus, which resulting in numerous casualties predominantly among civilians, including children [1]. Today’s world faces challenges and threats of unprecedented scope, scale and complexity. In recent decades, the world has seen many changes, not only because of the complexity of world matters, but also because of the entrance of non-state actors in the politic constelation. Current developments in the Middle East countries have revitalized awareness of the threat of attacks involving chemical and biological weapons. Historically, chemical and biological weapons was used in a conventional way, which was in State versus State conflict . However, within today’s threat, there is a steadily growing concern about the potential use of these weapons by non-state actors. There are increasing indications that certain types of non-state groups have planned or are planning to carry out attacks using chemical and biological weapons. The possibility of such groups may try to gained access to such weapons and continue to use that, both within and outside battle zones, is still quite high. All of these developments led to the consequences of the security of chemical and biological weapons and its possibility of them falling into the ‘wrong hand’, as well as availability of raw materials, knowledge on handling, and weaponizing such materials and tolls of dissemination.

Japan commits to oppose the use of Biological and chemical weapons, and supports its destruction, which is reflected through the ratification of both Biological Weapons Convention (BTWC) and Chemical...