Stefania Fren

Cite as

TOPIC A: Prevention of non-state actors with chemical and biological weapons

Country: The People’s Republic of China (PRC)

Under the real threat of terrorism, the spread of chemical and biological weapons constitutes a challenge and more importantly a burning issue for DISEC Committee. The undetermined nature of terrorism combined with the uncontrollable use of weapons of mass destruction (WMS) mandate a rigorous and practical approach from all the Members States in DISEC Committee. The Republic of China couldn’t be more aware of this topic, remaining one of the leading actors in trying to crack down on arms proliferation by non-state actors and a credible partner in promoting the establishment and maintenance of peace and security.
Under the scope of application of the UNSC resolution 1540, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has not been idle in strengthening its counterterrorism legislation, most notably through the 2015 Counterterrorism Law and the amended PRC Criminal Law and intensifying law enforcement operations. China is very much attached to the obligations as they result from UNSC resolution 1540 and resolution 2118 and seeking to address its terrorist challenges through domestic policy and international cooperation. China is a party to the major international agreements regulating biological weapons, having acceded to the Geneva Protocol in 1952 and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) in 1984 and “has always advocated the complete prohibition and thorough destruction of biological weapons and pursues a policy of not developing, producing or stockpiling this type of weapons." Furthermore, China is committed to extensive biodefense controls by opening its first BSL-4 laboratory, by adop...