African Union
South Africa


Isaure Simonin

Cite as

Isaure Simonin African Union - EuroMUN - Republic of South Africa

Topic A Reducing violence in Central Africa between military and paramilitary groups and the recruitment of child soldiers

Violence in the Central African Republic started in 2004, and came to a halt with the 2007 Peace Agreement. The conflict resumed in 2012 when Seleka rebel groups of mostly Muslim faith accused President Bozizé of disrespecting the said agreement. These allegations were not justified: fair elections were organized in 2011 and resulted in an electoral victory for President Bozizé. Therefore the presence of the Seleka groups in the government was not in order. In 2013, the Seleka took over control of Bangui in a coup. Escaping the control of their leader Michel Djotodia, they sacked entire villages. In retaliation, ‘anti-balaka’ militias took arms and began massacring Muslim populations. In 2016, the former Prime Minister of Bozizé, Faustin-Archange Touadéra, was elected President of the CAR. However the government does not have control of the country outside of the capital. Ex-Seleka factions are now divided and fight among each others, while anti-balaka militias are still committing exactions. The MINUSCA is active in the country since 2014. Although it has arguably played a role in preventing the country from falling into worse violence, it has failed to stabilize the CAR so far. Children are the primary victims of the conflict: UN Peacekeepers, French and EU soldiers have been accused of sexual abuse on children, while schools have been occupied by armed groups and UN forces alike, preventing access ...