African Union


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Committee: African Union (AU) Country: Moçambique

Topic A: Reducing violence in Central Africa between military and paramilitary groups and the recruitment of child soldiers

The Central African Republic (CAR) was, as many other African countries during the late 19th century and the 20th century, colonized by a west-european country, which in this case was France. CAR was controlled by France during 70 years and the local people were living under oppression and tyranny. CAR became independent year 1960 but has since then been struggling with other difficulties and conflicts, both as a consequence of France’s actions in the country and also as a consequence of fights between different ethnic groups and the ruling powers. Politicians and leaders in CAR have been eager to take advantage of the situation in the country and have thereby polarized the country by using ethnicity and religion as a motive. The result have been violently and so far a solution has not been seen coming.

The conflict in CAR, which could be called the Second Central African civil war, has now lasted since 2004, if you disregard from the small break 2007. Initially the conflict began between the CAR Government and the rebels as a result of the unstable situation in...