African Union
Central African Republic


Cite as

Committee: African Union Country: Central African Union Represented by: Kosmetatou Androniki

Topic A: Reducing violence in Central Africa between military and paramilitary groups and the recruitment of child soldiers

The Central African Republic, has been witnessing what is called the Second Central African civil war for several years. Since the outbreak of violence approximately, three thousand to six thousand people have been killed and a quarter of the population has been displaced while others, mostly women and children have been raped. In 2016, the new President, Faustin-Archange Touadéra, was sworn in, declaring that security and justice for serious human rights abuses are priorities for his government. His administration replaced a transition government that struggled to establish security and stop violence over the previous two years, while his election was a peaceful and legitimate transfer of power, something uncommon in the region. Since the beginning of the Second Central African Civil war in 2013 Central African Republic has been experiencing the constant violation of human rights, as reflected in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the Second Additional Protocol to the Geneva Convention for non-international conflicts. Those violations are mainly addressed against civilians, specifically women and children, while religion based discriminations are a common phenomenon. Following the outbreak of the war in Central African Republic, the political confrontation between the Muslim group “Seleka” and the mainly Christian and animist group “Anti-Balaka”, progressively converted into religious. The constantly increasing reports of targeted retaliation killings against the Christian and Muslim civilian populations proves the beforementioned statement. Furthermore, it should also be taken into consideration, the constantly increasing number of Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in Central African Republic, as a result of the on-going conflict. Central African Republic’s IDPs face a number of se...