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Committee: Consilium

Country: Latvia

Delegate: Ronja Vonderbank, Maastricht University

Topic A: European Border and Coast Guard

The European Border and Coast Guard is the EU’s response to the migration crisis in 2015. Frontex was established in 2004 by a Council Regulation as European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union. This was repealed by the Regulation 2016/1624. The Schengen Agreement came into force in 1995 with its abolishment of internal border controls in the participating Member States and with its creation of one single external border. The European Border and Coast Guard give more power and tasks to Frontex in its main rubrics such as operations, returns and combatting cross border crimes. Additionally, Member States allocate more resources, equipment and staff to the border agency.

As Latvia is situated in the north of Europe, it is not as harshly affected by the refugee crisis as the Mediterranean countries as Greece or Italy. Latvia is giving 30 border guards and other relevant staff to the reserve pool, as much as Belgium and Finland. We are s...