Cite as

Committee: Consilium

Topic A: European Border and Coast Guard (REGULATION (EU) 2016/1624)

Country: Italy

Represented by Alexandre Cremmel

Given the singular nature of the integrated European Union regarding its policy on free movement of individuals within its borders, the overwhelming migratory pressure at the external borders of the European Union put the inner balance and security of the Schengen Area into jeopardy while demonstrating the limits of the existing structures at the Union and Member State level to effectively address our current challenges.

In an effort to improve the security of the external borders of the Union, the European Union established the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (Council Regulation (EC) No 2007/2004). However, in the light of the migrant crisis, the Agency proved its inefficiency to prevent the vast influx of illegal migrants to jeopardise the security and the harmony of the Union. Effectively managing the influx of migrants on some parts of the shared external Schengen border requires responsibility, solidarity and cooperation on the part of all Member States. In this endeavour, in December 2015, the European Commission emphasized the need to enhance the cooperation and readiness of all Member States by creating the European Border and Coast Guard Agency – built from Frontex – and by widening the scope of its competences with the management of the Union’s external borders, alongside the Member’s States authorities responsible for border management. Its missions are manifold – a monitoring and risk analysis role, a role in the coordination of the operational cooperation between Member States, a role in return operations (with the deployment of European Return Intervention Teams), etc.

The Italian Republic manages the phenomenon of migration from countries outside the European Union through policies that combine reception and integration with the action on combating irregular immigration. While acknowledging EU’s moral obligation of sharing the burden of migration and upholding its highly endeared human rights values, a large majority of migrants, which are seeking economic ends, are not automatically eligible for international protection – reserved to refugees victims of war and therefore eligib...