UNICEF Migration & UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) - Intermediate level


Sara Ben Yedder

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Topic 1: The impact of migration on minors, providing for generation 2025 with declining resources 

Country : Republic of Tunisia

Delegate : Sara Ben Yedder

Article 8 of the constitution of the Republic of Tunisia’s declares that « Youth are an active force in building the nation ». However, according to a UNICEF report, 1 in 3 African migrants is a child, unfortunately these facts are bound to be harmful to the continent and to Tunisia. 

Migration is defined as the movement of large number of people from one place to another. Migration of Tunisians to Western Europe is dating back to independence in 1956. Tunisians mainly migrated to France essentially due to the cultural ties it has with its former colonial power; and also to Italy, because of the geographical proximity.

In December 2011, Tunisia faced numerous demonstrations led by Young unemployed demanding at first job opportunities and condemning nepotism, very quickly, these demonstrations led  to the jasmin revolution that saw the fall of the Ben Ali’s regime. The Jasmin revolution created serious challenges for the country. The political upheavals, the insecurity deeply affected the economic situation of the country, adversely affecting both the labour market’s performances that led to high unemployment rate. These developments have been the main cause of persisting labour emigration flows from Tunisia. In the aftermath of the revolution, in early 2012 more than 25,500 Tunisians among them many minors, took advantage of the chaos created to migrate to Europe.

A minor is a person who is under the age at which you legally become an adult and are responsible for your actions. This definition by itself depicts all the issues of minor’s migration. While many flee with their relatives, others try to migrate on their own; while many are regular migrants, qui...