UNICEF Migration & UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) - Intermediate level


Anna Papadopoulou
United Kingdom

Cite as

Comitee:UNICEF Migration & UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) - Intermediate level Country: Greece

Position #1 The impact of migration on minors, providing for generation 2025 with declining resources

Since 2015, more than a million women, men and children, mainly from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq (70%), have undertaken perilous journeys to reach Northern European countries, using unofficial migration routes across the Mediterranean Sea and South-East Europe. It is estimated that around, 62,434 are stranded across Greece, in formal and informal camps, across the north of the country, close to the Macedonian border and around Athens and the Greek islands (Chios, Lesvos, Samos, Kos, Leros). Two key events turned the migration flow into a standing population in Greece; firstly, the agreement between Austria, Slovenia, Serbia and Croatia to register refugees at the border Greece shares with former Yugoslav Macedonia and secondly, the Ankara-Brussels agreement of March 2016 according to which the asylum seekers arriving in Greece would be sent back to Turkey, unless they qualify for asylum in Greece.

What is striking about the number of refugees entering Greece is that 34% of them are minors 12% of whom are 0-4 years old. According to UNICEF, one out of ten Iranians reaching Greece are kids. The profusion of under-age immigrants is a challenge for Greece as well as for the minors themselves, whose situation is de...