UNICEF Migration & UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) - Intermediate level
South Africa


Cite as

UNICEF Migration and UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs

Country: South Africa

Delegate: Giorgi Maziashvili

Topic 1: The impact of migration on minors, providing for generation 2025 with declining resources

Over 1 billion people in the world are migrants, or more than 1 in 7 globally. People searching for better lives are moving from one country to another due to the problems in their country. This imbalance increased over the last few years and reached 244 million in 2015, which indicates the increase of 41% since 2000. As in the 21st century, healthcare has effectively developed, it sensibly reflected on the citizens living in the countries where life expectancy is higher than in less developed areas. People living in the developing countries increase fertility rate, leading to the increased numbers of people wishing to emigrate.

Experience has shown that children are affected by migration in different ways: they are brought along and left behind by migrant parents and migrate independently from their parents and adult guardians due to the unfortunate occasions along the path leading to the “new life”. Some of the key factors which influence the migration of children include trafficking and smuggling, war and poverty, as well as the lack of access to socio-economic rights in the countries of origin.

It is important to note that foreign-born migrants make up about 2% (approximately 900000) of South Africa’s population. Of these, about 150000 are asylum seekers or refugees, making the progressive provisions o...