European Union


Simon Lambert

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Topic A. The Effects of the Paris Agreement at COP21

The European Union, as one of the most industrialized regions on the planet, is responsible of 11.9% of global GHG emissions. Yet, since the 1990s, the EU has systematically sought to reduce these emissions, and intends to keep on this track: it has proposed an Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) that aims at reducing the carbon dioxide emissions by 40% below 1990 levels by 2030, one of the most drastic among large emitting economies. Furthermore, some of the EU’s Member States have taken further and even more constraining actions, such as the Dutch plan to virtually stop using gasoline-fuelled cars by mid-century.

Nonetheless, our status of large emitter raises internal concerns about the transition to green energy, and the impact thereof on the economy. We recognise the carbon tax as a universally-efficient instrument to encourage the shift towards green production and protect the economy from the negative effects that this shift may induce. We also welcome the idea (pro...

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