World Health Organization


Stefanie Winarko

Cite as

Topic A: The Rise of Zika Virus

Zika virus is a mosquito-borne virus, mostly by Aedes mosquitos. Infections occur through mosquitos’ bites along with body fluid – except breast milk – contacts done with the sick. Diagnosing is relatively complex in Zika case as its symptoms are quite mild and akin to dengue fever as well as chikungunya. Albeit it is not fatal, the significant number increase of microcephaly and congenital diseases cases in contaminated areas has become the utmost concern. Birth defects suffered by the born babies induce growth problems and shorten their life expectancy. Unfortunately, the medicine and vaccine for Zika infection have yet to be found. That is why, when Singapore first case of Zika virus occurred in May 2016, it caused Zika scare to arise. As stated by our Ministry of Health (MOH), this is the only Zika infection in the country. Currently after being quarantined for a week, the infected Singaporean has fully recovered.

Even though Zika virus has a low fatality rate but rapid actions should still be taken whenever and wherever infection occurs. Therefore, Singapore would like to propose several solutions as an effort in preventing and managing Zika virus spread as well as its infection:

  1. An increase in the research and management funding will be a substantial step to be taken in order to accelerate the research of effective treatment and prevention for Zika. Patent should be postponed until the outbreak past, yet in the meantime access should be guaranteed though compulsory licensing.

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