Social Cultural and Humanitarian Committee


Agrit Hastubinawan

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Topic A: Eliminating violence towards indigenous people

As the industrial revolution began to change the world and the societies in every aspect of their lives, it brought negative effects on indigenous peoples. The industrial revolution led to explosions in both population and consumerism which later created a horrendous colonialism era by dividing the world into fragments that belonged to Western major powers. Conference of Berlin 1884 was the first meeting which its main purpose was to divide Africa under some European powers. At the time of the conference, 80% of Africa remained under traditional and local control. The new map of the continent was superimposed over the one thousand indigenous cultures and regions of Africa. The new countries lacked rhyme or reason and divided coherent groups of people and merged together disparate groups who really did not get along. Before the conference, European diplomacy treated African indigenous people in the same manner as the New World natives, forming trading relationships with the indigenous chiefs. By the mid-19th century, Europeans considered Africa to be disputed territory ripe for exploration, trade, and settlement by their colonists. Since then, the indigenous peoples have become the object of two kinds of human rights violations: individua...

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