World Health Organization


Ayu Paramecwari

Cite as

Country: Republic of Liberia

Committee: World Health Organization

Topic Area: Zika Virus

The increasing outbreak of Zika Virus is a public health emergency of international concern that poses as a global threat. Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys. It was later identified in humans in 1952, and more infections would later be documented until the first large outbreak in The Island of Yap in 2007. Studies found that it spread far and fast with devastating consequences that puts it in the same category of severity as Ebola. Through the Zika Strategic Response Framework, WHO urges that countries take actions to combat the disease. However, more effort is needed in order to fully eradicate Zika virus.

Liberia, a country located in Africa with a tropical climate, has a risk of Zika virus outburst. With the fragile state of the Liberian health system, many fear that the already porous medical system may not be able to handle an additional major health crisis with Ebola already in the picture. The Ministry of Health and its partners were in the process of designing a campaign to get the message out to the public. In the meantime, a surveillance system is put in place to detect cases of the Zika virus and other infectious diseases. The government puts a critical focus to control mosquito population growth and continue reinforcing the importance of protected sex to reduce transmission.

Liberia believes in the possibility of several possible solutions. For further action there are several solutions that might take in consideration. First, there should be extensive research on zika virus development in Liberia and figuring out zika virus vaccine. Aside from insecticides, some scientists should trial the use of genetically modified sterile mosquitoes that appear to reduce mosquito populations by 90%.

Secondly, there should be a tight vector control to prevent the further spread of the virus. Since the virus is able to be sexually transmitted, Liberia encourages member states to socialize the importance of safe sex. The knowledge of Zika virus needs to be spread so awareness is raised. As there is no treatment yet, the socialization should m...

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