World Health Organization


Natasia Winoto

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Position Paper

Country: Brazil Topic Area: The Rise of Zika Virus Committee: World Health Organization

Zika virus disease is a disease caused by the Zika virus spread and transmitted through mosquito bites1. Beside mosquito bites, this virus could also be transferred from mother to her fetus – resulted in the baby born with microcephaly, through sexual contact, and through blood transfusion2. One of the supporting problem is that most of Zika virus infections are asymptomatic – making it even harder to do early identification and treatment, and to estimate accurately number of people infected with Zika virus. Zika virus first identified in Uganda in 1947, and was continue to spreading to other countries. In last few years, this virus emergence in Pacific Islands, Asia, and even America. In Brazil itself, this virus outbreak began in northern Brazil in May 2015. In November 2015, state of emergency declared in Brzil’s Pernambuco state; subsequently, on February 2016, as the disease spreads to 20 countries in America, WHO declares Zika Virus as Global Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The Zika virus epidemic in Brazil has now led into the deliberation whether the 2016 Summer Olympic Games – that would be held in Rio de Janeiro this August – should continue to be held or not4.

WHO has launched some recommendations to prevent the transmission of Zika virus, such as using insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved clothes, and using mosquito nets to exclude flying insects from dwellings. In response to the outbreak, Brazilian government deployed 60% of the country’s Armed Force – which is over than 200,000, going door-to-door, spreading the leaflets and educate the citizen about risk and prevention of Zika virus, aimed in raising Brazilian’s awareness on Zika. However, it is said that the move would not contribute in reduc...

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