World Health Organization


Miftahul Jannah

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Committee : World Health Organization Country : Thailand Topic 1 : The Rise Of Zika Virus

The international communities have dealt with countless outbreaks and emergencies that occur in this world. Not to mention the conflicts and wars that are still happening on the other side of the world. The rise of Zika virus is another outbreak that is one of the topics which is mostly discussed by many international communities. This mosquito-borne disease causes a lot of concerns from the world. Babies from a zika virus infected mothers are born with microcephaly, a condition where the baby is born with a small head or the head stops growing after the birth. Babies with microcephaly can develop development disabilities. Zika virus continues to be responsible for mostly cases of microcephaly in Brazil. This world is putting enormous efforts to deal with Zika virus which can uncontrollably develop into even the world can’t fight against.
Zika virus was first identified in rhesus monkeys in the Uganda’s forest in 1947, but was first found in humans in 1952. The first case infected a human was reported in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. In July 2015 in Brazil, the case of Zika infection is associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome, an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks the healthy nerves in the peripheral nervous system. Later on, Brazil found Zika virus’ association with birth defects with an unusual size of the fetus’s head called microcephaly. Regarding to this situation, the international communities took a big step on combating Zika virus by declaring the Americas region a “public health emergency international concern”.
Zika virus is a disease transmitted by bites from a type of Aedes mosquito, which is also responsible for the dengue and chikungunya diseases. Some cases have occurred through sexual transmission, whilst most of the cases were transmitted from a mother to fetus. From all of the cases reported as Zika virus infections, Zika was thought to cause only minor illness, even some people didn’t have any symptoms at all. Mild fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and jo...

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