World Health Organization
Russian Federation


Icha Ayu Wulandari

Cite as

Committe : World Health Organization

Topic : The Rise of Zika Virus

Country : Russian Federation

The key facts about Zika virus is, it is mostly transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito, primarily Aedes Aegypti – the same vector that transmits chikungunya, dengue and yellow fever. Zika virus was first identified in 1947 in a monkey in the Zika forest of Uganda and it was first identified in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. The Zika virus is said to have an incubation period of only 5 to 10 days. Some common symptoms include red spots on the skin, intermittent fever, spots on the eyes and later on with persistent pains in muscles, joints and head. As of 15 June 2016, 60 countries and territories have reported mosquito-borne transmission, of which 46 countries are experiencing the first outbreak of Zika virus since 2015, with no previous evidence of circulation. Outbreaks of Zika virus disease have been recorded in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific. Besides through mosquito bites, the Zika virus also could be transferred through sexual contact, blood transfusion and from mother to child. Unlike Ebola, the Zika virus is not fatal. However, it seems to lead to children being born with microcephaly, an innate condition affecting the development of the skull and consequently the brain, which results in serious underdevelopment of the child and also Guilla...

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